Recurring Events

The KendoReact Scheduler provides support for recurring events on a daily, weekly, monthly, and annual basis, and allows for exceptions from these recurrence rules.

Getting Started

To configure recurring behavior for a Scheduler event, use any of the following approaches:

The following example demonstrates how to set a recurrence rule and a recurrence exception.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { Scheduler, AgendaView, DayView, WeekView, MonthView } from '@progress/kendo-react-scheduler';

import { data, displayDate } from './data.js';

const App = () => {
    return (
        <Scheduler data={data} defaultView={"day"} defaultDate={displayDate} timezone={"Etc/UTC"}>
            <AgendaView />
            <DayView />
            <WeekView />
            <MonthView />
        </Scheduler>
    );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.querySelector('my-app'));

Using Recurrence Rules

The recurrenceRule field defines when an event occurs.

recurrenceRule is a string representation of the iCalendar recurrence rule type. Each rule is separated by a semicolon (;) character.

The following table lists all recurrence rules that are supported by the Scheduler:

Recurrence RuleDescriptionValueExample
FREQ(Mandatory) Specifies the frequency of the occurrence.HOURLY, DAILY, WEEKLY, MONTHLY, YEARLYFREQ=DAILY
INTERVALSpecifies the intervals at which the recurrence rule repeats.A positive integer. Defaults to 1.FREQ=DAILY;INTERVAL=4
UNTILBounds the recurrence rule in an inclusive manner. If neither the UNTIL, nor the COUNT rule is present, the recurrence rule will be considered that it repeats forever.A valid Date string.FREQ=DAILY;UNTIL=2019-09-04T00:00:00.000Z
COUNTDefines the number of occurrences at which to range-bound the recurrence.A positive integer number greater than 0.FREQ=DAILY;COUNT=2
BYHOURDefines a comma-separated list of hours of the day.An integer between 0 and 23.FREQ=HOURLY;BYHOUR=2,4,6,8
BYDAYDefines a comma-separated list of days of the week.SU, MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SAFREQ=DAILY;BYDAY=SA,SU
BYMONTHDAY(Do not use it when the FREQ rule is set to WEEKLY.) Defines a comma-separated list of days of the month. Negative values represent backward counting.An integer between 1 and 31, or -31 to -1.FREQ=DAILY;BYMONTHDAY=10,20,30
BYYEARDAY(Do not use it when the FREQ rule is set to DAILY, WEEKLY, or MONTHLY.) Defines a comma-separated list of days of the year. Negative values represent backward counting.An integer between 1 and 366, or -366 to -1.FREQ=YEARLY;BYYEARDAY=252
BYWEEKNO(Use it only when the FREQ rule is set to YEARLY.) Defines a comma-separated list of ordinals which specify weeks of the year. Negative values represent backward counting.An integer between 1 and 53, or -53 to -1.FREQ=YEARLY;BYWEEKNO=36
BYMONTHDefines a comma-separated list of months of the year.An integer between 1 and 12.FREQ=YEARLY;BYMONTH=9
WKSTSpecifies the day on which the workweek starts.SU, MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SAFREQ=WEEKLY;BYDAY=TU,TH;INTERVAL=2;WKST=TH
BYSETPOSDefines a comma-separated list of values that corresponds to the nth occurrence within the set of recurrence instances.A positive (+n) or negative (-n) integer.FREQ=MONTHLY;BYDAY=MO,TU,WE,TH,FR;BYSETPOS=-2

Setting Recurrence Exceptions

The recurrenceExceptions field specifies exceptions from the recurrence rule.

recurrenceExceptions represents an array of JavaScript Date objects which define when an recurring event must not occur. For example, if the FREQ=DAILY recurrence rule is set, the event must not occur on 24 September, set the recurrenceExceptions field to an array with a single Date object.

const data = [
    {
        id: 0,
        title: 'Repeat every day, except for 24th of September',
        start: new Date("2019-09-04T08:00:00.000Z"),
        end: new Date("2019-09-04T08:30:00.000Z"),
        recurrenceRule: "FREQ=DAILY",
        recurrenceExceptions: [new Date('2019-09-24T08:00:00.000Z')]
    }
]

Configuring the Recurrence ID

The recurrenceId field indicates if the DataItem is related to an already expanded recurring event.

If server-side expansion of the events occurs, the Scheduler will receive the event occurrences as multiple data items rather than a single DataItem with a recurrenceRule. To enable the Scheduler to detect that an recurring event was expanded, set the recurrenceId field to the expanded occurrences.

In order for the editing to work correctly, you have to provide the original, non-expanded recurring event. The Scheduler will detect that this item was expanded and will not render it.

The following example simulates a server-side expansion of events by providing all of the occurrences together with the original recurring event.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import {
    Scheduler,
    WeekView
} from '@progress/kendo-react-scheduler';
import { serverData } from './server-data';
const displayDate = new Date('2019-09-02T08:00:00.000Z')

const App = () => {
    return (
        <Scheduler data={serverData} defaultDate={displayDate} timezone={"Etc/UTC"}>
            <WeekView/>
        </Scheduler>
    );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.querySelector('my-app'));
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