Depending on how you use TypeScript (with it's "normal" module-system, or AMD), there would be a couple of ways to include TypeScript.
Now, if you would like to load each module individually with AMD, check out these 2 articles:
On the other hand, if you like to use the full min.package, just load kendoUiMobile normally through the script-tag.
In your TS-files, just include a referecne to kendoUI and you're good to go:
///<reference path="../Libs/KendoUI/kendo.all.d.ts" />
the Definition-file is probabbly on the DefinitlyTyped-repository, though I took it directly from the TS-folder which comes when you download KendoUiMobile.