This version is the R2 2018 SP1 version. That's not really relevant, I am just adding it as a piece of information.
The actual issue is that in the layout snippet there are two versions of jQuery:
so you should keep only one. Which one depends on the version of jQuery you want on the page and what else there may be in the bundle (e.g., jQueryUI, validation, etc.).
On the screenshot and Edge - the screenshot looks like the resources (including stylesheets) are not loaded, which indicates either broken paths (which shouldn't be the case since other browsers work fine), or that something in Edge is preventing them from being fetched. That might be some extension, or security policy, or something from the Apple toolkit, or a firewall rule/antivirus software, and I do hope you will manage to find what it is.
I'm also attaching a screenshot of an example of the order you should see the scripts in.
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