Thanks for the answer, I found out where the confusion comes from.
When I install the package, I get the version choice (see the screenshot attached). If I choose 2 (the latest version the correct package is installed, with the kendo.all.min.js file in it).
Hovewer, I have problems with my legacy code and the latest package, and I'm tried to install 2014.1.416 version. If I choose 1 (as on the screenshot) the wrong package is installed, the one without kendo.all.min.js. Also this line is added to the bower.json file: "kendo-ui": "https://bower.telerik.com/bower-kendo-ui.git#~2016.1.125" - please note incorrect version.
Is there a way to install older version via bower?